La prochaine séance du séminaire Philbio aura lieu le jeudi 22 mai, à 14 heures 30, dans la grande salle de l'IHPST (2ème étage). Notre invitée sera Ellen Clarke (Université d’Oxford). Elle interviendra sur la question suivante : « The multiple realizability of biological individuals ».
Biological theory demands a clear organism concept, but at present biologists cannot agree on one. They know that counting particular units, and not counting others, allows them to generate explanatory and predictive descriptions of evolutionary processes. Yet they lack a unified theory telling them which units to count. In this paper, I offer a novel account of biological individuality that reconciles conflicting definitions of “organism” by interpreting them as describing alternative realizers of a common functional role, and then defines individual organisms as essentially possessing some mechanisms that play this role.