This book examines three connected aspects of Fregeâs logicism: the differences between Dedekindâs and Fregeâs interpretation of the term âlogicâ and related terms and reflects on Fregeâs notion of function, comparing its understanding and the role it played in Fregeâs and Lagrangeâs foundational programs. It concludes with an examination of the notion of arbitrary function, taking into account Fregeâs, Ramseyâs and Russellâs view on the subject. Composed of three chapters, this book sheds light on important aspects of Dedekindâs and Fregeâs logicisms.
Fifty years ago, FranĂ§ois Jacob, AndrĂ© Lwoff, and Jacques Monod received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine âfor their discoveries concerning the genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesisâ. This distinction was awarded in recognition of an exceptional series of discoveries and theoretical achievements: existence, induction and genetics of lysogeny, notions and evidence of repressor, regulatory genes, messenger RNA, operon, operator and promoter sequences, and allostery.
Les essais rĂ©unis dans ce livre traitent de notions de tout temps centrales dans la rĂ©flexion des philosophes, logiciens et mathĂ©maticiensÂ : lâinfini, le nombre, la vĂ©ritĂ©, la consĂ©quence logique, lâexplication, la puretĂ© des mĂ©thodes, le nominalisme, le platonisme.
Since Darwin, Biology has been framed on the idea of evolution by natural selection, which has profoundly influenced the scientific and philosophical comprehension of biological phenomena and of our place in Nature. This book argues that contemporary biology should progress towards and revolve around an even more fundamental idea, that of autonomy.