Fifty years ago, François Jacob, André Lwoff, and Jacques Monod received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine “for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis”. This distinction was awarded in recognition of an exceptional series of discoveries and theoretical achievements: existence, induction and genetics of lysogeny, notions and evidence of repressor, regulatory genes, messenger RNA, operon, operator and promoter sequences, and allostery.
Les essais réunis dans ce livre traitent de notions de tout temps centrales dans la réflexion des philosophes, logiciens et mathématiciens : l’infini, le nombre, la vérité, la conséquence logique, l’explication, la pureté des méthodes, le nominalisme, le platonisme.
Since Darwin, Biology has been framed on the idea of evolution by natural selection, which has profoundly influenced the scientific and philosophical comprehension of biological phenomena and of our place in Nature. This book argues that contemporary biology should progress towards and revolve around an even more fundamental idea, that of autonomy.
Au cours du dernier siècle, l'investigation empirique a été bouleversée par le développement de nouveaux instruments et par la possibilité de traiter numériquement les données numériques. Cet ouvrage entreprend d'adapter la notion classique d'observation scientifique à ces nouvelles pratiques.
Since its third edition in 1980, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association has acquired a hegemonic role in the health care professions and has had a broad impact on the lay public. The publication in May 2013 of its fifth edition, the DSM-5, marked the latest milestone in the history of the DSM and of American psychiatry. In The DSM-5 in Perspective: Philosophical Reflections on the Psychiatric Babel, experts in the philosophy of psychiatry propose original essays that explore the main issues related to the DSM-5, such as the still weak validity and reliability of the classification, the scientific status of its revision process, the several cultural, gender and sexist biases that are apparent in the criteria, the comorbidity issue and the categorical vs. dimensional debate.