Séminaire HPI, série "Histoire et pratiques de l'informatique" : Martin Schüle
Intervention de Martin Schüle (ZHAW, Zurich University of Applied Sicences). Le titre est : "On the Nature of Computation".
Computational notions abound in the sciences. Especially in the fields of biology and neuroscience computational capacities are often ascribed to entities and processes. Yet it is not clear what kind of "computation" is at work there. Can it be still treated within traditional computational theory or is some other more general or vague notion of computation needed ? I discuss and assess diverse models of computation as developed in various fields and the main proposals in the philosophical literature in regard to concepts of "computation". A case study on cellular automata, a particular computational model, will then reveal, I argue, the conditions a biological or other system should meet in order to agree with a notion of computation both definable in clear terms and amenable to further scientific research.